Digital Assets and Their Impact on the Financial Services Industry

21 Sep 2023 | Blogs
Digital Assets and Their Impact on the Financial Services Industry

The financial industry is undergoing a major transformation with the surge in digital assets. Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) have been gaining traction, transforming our views on money, investments, and transactions. This Spotlight article explores the skyrocketing rise of digital assets and their effect on the finance world.


The Evolution of Digital Assets


Crypto Startups to Mainstream Adoption

Cryptocurrencies and other digital assets have grown tremendously since they first emerged on the scene. They were initially viewed as speculative investments or digital novelties, but now cryptocurrencies have grown into trillion-dollar technologies. The first and most prominent cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, has reached a staggering market capitalisation of over one trillion dollars. This exponential growth has attracted a diverse range of investors, from retail traders to institutional players.

While Bitcoin paved the way, a whole host of other cryptocurrencies have followed suit – each offering something different from the rest. Ethereum, the second-largest cryptocurrency, transformed how we use blockchain technology by introducing smart contracts. This groundbreaking innovation enables developers to create decentralised applications (DApps) on its blockchain. This innovation paved the way for a huge amount of projects and applications, most notably decentralised finance (DeFi), which strives to create an open financial system that is accessible to all.


Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) and the Digital Art Revolution

In addition to cryptocurrencies, Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) are one-of-a-kind digital assets that signify possession of digital or real–world items like artwork, music, videos and even virtual real estate. The blockchain provides a record of these tokens, authenticating them and ensuring traceability.

The emergence of NFTs has been a game-changer for the art world , opening up new possibilities for artists and their fans. It provides an unprecedented way for creatives to directly engage with audiences and profit from their artwork without relying on intermediaries. Artists can tokenise their artwork, enabling collectors to purchase and trade these digital assets securely. This newfound accessibility has led to a surge in interest and investment in digital art, with some NFTs fetching millions of dollars at auction; Sotheby’s, one of the world’s largest brokers of fine and decorative art, jewellery and collectables, has sold $150 million worth of NFTs to date.


Commercial Opportunities and Financial Institutions

The meteoric rise and widespread acceptance of digital assets have opened up immense business prospects for financial institutions. It’s clear that the traditional players, like banks, payment companies, insurers and fund managers, are now taking note of digital assets’ potential and actively exploring how to become part of this ever-evolving market.


Custody and Wallets

One of the key services financial institutions can offer is licensed and regulated custodial services for digital assets. Custody providers ensure digital assets’ safe storage and security, mitigating the risk of theft or loss. By offering custody services, financial institutions can instil confidence in institutional and retail clients, who may be hesitant to manage their digital assets independently.

Giving users access to safe and intuitive digital wallets makes storing, organising, and transacting with their digital assets easy. These pockets serve as the entranceway into the cryptocurrency universe – enabling people to send/receive money while also tracking their investments in real-time and participating in decentralised applications.


Trading Venues

Financial institutions possess the resources and knowledge to offer reliable, compliant trading systems for digital assets. This provides a safe space for individuals and organisations to buy, sell or trade cryptocurrencies. Connecting traditional finance markets with this rapidly growing area of digital assets enables financial entities to serve as an essential bridge between these two worlds, allowing efficient transactions while also promoting transparency.


Wealth and Fund Management

The potential for wealth and fund management to incorporate digital assets into their product offerings is immense. Financial institutions have the chance to satisfy both institutional and retail clients by providing exposure to digital assets through investment products like wealth management. It’s an ideal way for investors of all types – from those with long-term goals or more short-term ambitions – to diversify portfolios while taking advantage of the expansion in this area.

Fund managers have the capacity to create investment vehicles tailored explicitly for digital assets, like cryptocurrency index funds and actively managed crypto funds. This offers investors a convenient way of getting exposure to the digital asset market even if they lack technical expertise or interest in managing their investments directly.


Prime Brokerage

Prime brokerage services (a bundle of services investment banks and other major financial institutions offer to hedge funds and similar clients) facilitate institutional access to the crypto market. By setting up prime brokerage desk services, financial institutions can provide institutional traders with the necessary infrastructure and connectivity to participate in the digital asset market. This includes access to liquidity, order routing, and other essential services tailored to institutional needs.

Prime brokerage services can also assist institutions in managing their risk exposure and complying with regulatory requirements. Offering these comprehensive solutions helps financial institutions attract institutional clients seeking to navigate the complexities of the digital asset market.


Payments and Settlement

Digital assets have the potential to revolutionise existing payment and settlement systems through leveraging blockchain technology. It can allow financial institutions to create secure, rapid and more effective transaction completion methods. Utilising digital assets could enable nearly instantaneous settlements with no need for intermediaries – resulting in reduced costs.

Blockchain technology’s transparency and immutability bolster the security of transactions, drastically diminishing the risk of fraud or any unauthorised activities. This is great news for financial institutions teaming up with other industry players to create interoperable payment and settlement solutions – a development that benefits banks, institutions, merchants, and consumers.


Blending Contracts and Digital Instruments

Exploring the possibilities of combining traditional financial contracts with digital instruments offers a wealth of inventive finance solutions. Financial institutions can seize this opportunity to create new products that boast both the convenience and liquidity associated with digital assets, as well as the programmability enabled by smart contracts.

This array of options goes from tokenised securities, which let people own even small fractions of usually hard-to-trade assets, all the way to decentralised loan and borrowing platforms that empower individuals to make a profit on their digital assets. Embracing these innovative offerings, they can ensure they meet current customer needs – now and into the future.


The Impact of Government-Backed Digital Currencies

While cryptocurrencies and digital assets have thrived in a decentralised environment, many governments are exploring the potential of issuing their own digital currencies. These government-backed digital currencies, often called central bank digital currencies (CBDCs), aim to reap the benefits of blockchain technology while allowing for regulation and control.


Capitalising on Technological Advancements

Governments are aware of blockchain technology’s immense capabilities to enhance financial systems, increase transparency and facilitate transactions. Issuing CBDCs is an opportunity for governments to take advantage of digital assets’ efficiency, security and programmability while still having a measurable amount of control over monetary policy as well as preserving financial stability.


Promoting Financial Inclusion and Innovation

CBDCs can potentially revolutionise financial inclusion, providing individuals with access to digital services even in places that lack banking infrastructure. These currencies can offer secure and cost-effective transactions for those who are unbanked or underbanked. CBDCs could also act as a catalyst of innovation by enabling developers to create new apps and services tailored specifically for finance purposes.


Mitigating Risks and Ensuring Regulatory Compliance

Government-backed digital currencies allow governments to combat risks associated with unregulated cryptocurrency markets. By introducing these digital currencies, anti-money laundering (AML) and know-your–customer (KYC) regulations can be enforced more effectively, thus reducing any potential for unlawful activity. Central bank digital currencies also provide greater visibility into financial transactions, enabling efficient tax collection while ensuring compliance with regulatory obligations.


Challenges and Future Outlook

The surge of digital assets has created immense possibilities, yet it comes with its fair share of difficulties. The most pressing worry is the absence of a regulatory system and supervision in the cryptocurrency arena. Critics argue that this governance deficit adds to market unpredictability and exposes investors to major risks.

The utilisation of energy for cryptocurrency mining has certainly caught the attention of many due to its impact on our environment. Mining cryptocurrencies requires incredible computational power, which consumes a large portion of electricity and emits carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. As this industry continues to evolve, exploring ways to mitigate these environmental issues through more sustainable solutions is crucial.

Looking ahead, digital assets appear to be heading for a bright future. Cryptocurrencies and NFTs have skyrocketed in popularity and uptake; this indicates that our approach towards money, investments, and property is undergoing some significant transformations. Financial institutions will remain key players in moulding the landscape of digital resources – providing services that can meet their customers’ evolving needs.

Governments’ issuance of digital currencies has the potential to revolutionise financial landscapes. Central bank-backed digital currencies have great promise for redefining monetary systems, increasing access to finance and driving technological advancements; however, getting that delicate balance between regulation, privacy considerations, and innovation is paramount in order to unlock their full capabilities.

In conclusion, the financial industry is changing drastically due to digital assets emerging on the scene. These digital possessions open up novel investment opportunities and enable secure transactions that boost financial inclusion. As we become increasingly aware of their potential for transformation, governments, banks, and individuals face multiple challenges. By embracing the power of innovation, regulation and collaboration, we can craft a future where digital assets are fully incorporated into our financial systems for the greater good. This will bring considerable advantages to society as a whole.